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Pattern Syntax Notes 🚧

This post was originally written in English.

A digital pattern file contains mainly 3 parts: Header Statement, Setup Statement and Pattern Module. (Preprocessing statements and Comments are optional).

Below is an mostly used example pattern file in .atp format:

// example.atp
digital_inst = HSDMQ;
opcode_mode = single;
pinmap_workbook = "..\xx.igxl";
import tset tset1 ;
instruments = {
        (TIC_DATABUS):DigCap 32:format=twos_complement:auto_trig_enable;
vm_vector cpr_test($tset TIC_CLK, TIC_ACK, TIC_REQ_A, TIC_DATABUS)
 > tset1 0 X 0 0 .d000000 ;
repeat 100
 > tset1 0 X 1 1 .rFFFFFF ;
 > tset1 0 X 0 0    .X    ;
 ((TIC_DATABUS):DigCap = Store)
 > tset1 0 X 0 0    .V    ; // capture
 > tset1 0 X 0 0  d000000 ; // end

Header Statement

Header Statement contains these statements: digital instrument, pin map, compiler control, import tset or label. Here is an example:

digital_inst = HSDMQ;           // Digital instrument statement
opcode_mode = single;           // Compile statement
import tset tset1, tset1;       // import Time sets
import subr xxx;                // import Subroutines

Frequently used parameters:

  • Digital Instrument Statements
    • digital_inst: hsdm(HSD1000, UltraPin800), hsdmq(UltraPin1600), hsdp(UltraPin2200) ...
  • Pin Map Specifications:
    • pinmap_workbook: IG‑XL workbook name, such as "xxx.igxl"
    • sheetname: Pin Map sheet name, such as "pinmap"
  • Compiler Control Statements
    • compressed: yes or no
    • opcode_mode: single or dual or quad(UltraPin1600), every 1/2/4 vectors can include an opcode.
    • save_comments: yes or no
    • version: such as V1.0
  • Tset and Label
    • Tset: import tset tset1, tset2, ... ;
    • Label: import label label1, label2, ... ;

Setup Statement

Setup Statement contains pin setup, instruments, scan pin.

pin_setup = {
    gpio_1    2x;                                           //Pin setup: gpio_1 set to 2X mode
instruments = {
vcc:DCVS 1;                                                 // DCVS instrument
    tdo:DigCap 32:format=twos_complement:auto_trig_enable;  // DigCap instrument
scan_pins = {
    tdi, tdo;                                               // tdi - scan in, tdo - scan out

Frequently used parameters:

  • Pin State Characters and Microcodes
    • Pin State Characters: 0(Drive Low), 1(Drive High), 2(Drive High Voltage only for UP800), L(Expect Low), H(Expect High), M(Expect Mid-band), V(Expect Valid), X(Mask), W(Window Strobe), D(Drive ADS (DigSrc/MTO)), I(Drive inverse ADS (DigSrc/MTO)), E(Expect ADS (DigSrc/MTO)), C(Expect inverse ADS (DigSrc/MTO)), -(Repeat previous state).
    • DigCap Microcodes: Trig(Start a capture), Store(Store a data sample), Trig, Store(Combination of Trig and Store), Store, Inst_Cond_Strobe(Store and gate the internally generated condition signal to be acted on).

Pattern Module

A pattern module contains pin list and a set of vectors. There are 2 types of it: vector memory (VM) and memory (SRM):

vm_vector [module-name] (pin-list)
{ vectors }

srm_vector [module-name] (pin-list)
{ vectors }

At least 1 pattern module is required in a pattern file. If more than 1, their colummns and pin lists need to be the same.

Frequently used parameters:

  • pin-list
    • Pin Items: pin-or-group[.modifier][:radix], radix could be :S(Symbolic, default), :B(Bin), :D(Dec), :O(Oct), :H(Hex)
  • Label: tbd