# CSS 学习笔记

# 调用

在 HTML 的 <head> 下添加外部样式表:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="xxx.css">

其中,xxx.css 为同目录下的 CSS 文件。
注意:尽量使用 链接式的外部样式表(如上)

# 选择器

# 基本语法

selector {
  prpperty: value;
}

# 几种选择器对比

选择器 定义 调用 优先级
标签选择器 p {...} <p> ... </p>
类选择器 .carrot {...} / p.carrot {...} class = "carrot"
ID 选择器 #first {...} id = "first"

# 选择器组

用相同样式定义不同元素。

h1,
h2,
h3 {
  color: navy;
}

# 颜色

/*字体颜色*/
color: #56a455;

/*背景色*/
background-color: blue;

/*透明度*/
/*取值 0.0 ~ 1.0*/
opacity: 0.5;

# 文本

# 字体大小

样式 百分比 EM 值
h1 200% 2em
h2 150% 1.5em
h3 133% 1.125em
body 100% 1em
/*字体大小*/
font-size: 200%;

# 字体选用

注:多单词组成的字体名称,要放引号,eg. 'Courier New'

/*字体选用*/
/*本地*/
font-family: "Courier New", Courier, monospace, 外链字体名称;
/*外链*/
@font-face {
  font-family: 外链字体名称;
  src: url("外链地址");
}

# 文本格式化

默认值为 normal

/*粗体*/
font-weight: bold;

/*斜体*/
font-style: italic;

/*大小写*/
/*uppercase,lowercase,capitalize(首字母大写)*/
text-transform: uppercase;

/*下划线*/
text-decoration: underline;

/*删除线*/
text-decoration: line-through;

/*行间距*/
line-height: 1.4em;

/*对齐*/
/*left,right,center,justify(两端对齐)*/
text-align: left;

# 伪类

/* 未访问的链接 */
a:link {
  color: #ff0000;
}

/* 已访问的链接 */
a:visited {
  color: #00ff00;
}

/* 鼠标划过链接 */
a:hover {
  color: #ff00ff;
}

/* 已选中的链接 */
a:active {
  color: #0000ff;
}

# 盒子

# 列表,表格与表单

待补充

# 布局

待补充

# 规范

# 属性分类顺序

  • 显示方法 & 布局
  • 定位
  • 盒模型框
    • 外边距
    • 边框
    • 内边距
  • 尺寸
  • 文本样式
    • 字体
    • 文本
    • 文字颜色
  • 背景
  • 轮廓
  • 透明度 & 阴影
  • 动效
    • 过渡
    • 转换变形
    • 动画
  • 其他
    • 伪类 & 伪元素
    • 引用
    • 媒体查询

# 属性顺序列表

[
  [
    "display",
    "visibility",
    "float",
    "clear",
    "overflow",
    "overflow-x",
    "overflow-y",
    "clip",
    "zoom"
  ],
  [
    "table-layout",
    "empty-cells",
    "caption-side",
    "border-spacing",
    "border-collapse",
    "list-style",
    "list-style-position",
    "list-style-type",
    "list-style-image"
  ],
  [
    "position",
    "top",
    "right",
    "bottom",
    "left",
    "z-index"
  ],
  [
    "margin",
    "margin-top",
    "margin-right",
    "margin-bottom",
    "margin-left",
    "box-sizing",
    "border",
    "border-width",
    "border-style",
    "border-color",
    "border-top",
    "border-top-width",
    "border-top-style",
    "border-top-color",
    "border-right",
    "border-right-width",
    "border-right-style",
    "border-right-color",
    "border-bottom",
    "border-bottom-width",
    "border-bottom-style",
    "border-bottom-color",
    "border-left",
    "border-left-width",
    "border-left-style",
    "border-left-color",
    "border-radius",
    "border-top-left-radius",
    "border-top-right-radius",
    "border-bottom-right-radius",
    "border-bottom-left-radius",
    "border-image",
    "border-image-source",
    "border-image-slice",
    "border-image-width",
    "border-image-outset",
    "border-image-repeat",
    "padding",
    "padding-top",
    "padding-right",
    "padding-bottom",
    "padding-left",
    "width",
    "min-width",
    "max-width",
    "height",
    "min-height",
    "max-height"
  ],
  [
    "font",
    "font-family",
    "font-size",
    "font-weight",
    "font-style",
    "font-variant",
    "font-size-adjust",
    "font-stretch",
    "font-effect",
    "font-emphasize",
    "font-emphasize-position",
    "font-emphasize-style",
    "font-smooth",
    "line-height",
    "text-align",
    "text-align-last",
    "vertical-align",
    "white-space",
    "text-decoration",
    "text-emphasis",
    "text-emphasis-color",
    "text-emphasis-style",
    "text-emphasis-position",
    "text-indent",
    "text-justify",
    "letter-spacing",
    "word-spacing",
    "text-outline",
    "text-transform",
    "text-wrap",
    "text-overflow",
    "text-overflow-ellipsis",
    "text-overflow-mode",
    "word-wrap",
    "word-break"
  ],
  [
    "color",
    "background",
    "background-color",
    "background-image",
    "background-repeat",
    "background-attachment",
    "background-position",
    "background-position-x",
    "background-position-y",
    "background-clip",
    "background-origin",
    "background-size"
  ],
  [
    "outline",
    "outline-width",
    "outline-style",
    "outline-color",
    "outline-offset",
    "opacity",
    "box-shadow",
    "text-shadow"
  ],
  [
    "transition",
    "transition-delay",
    "transition-timing-function",
    "transition-duration",
    "transition-property",
    "transform",
    "transform-origin",
    "animation",
    "animation-name",
    "animation-duration",
    "animation-play-state",
    "animation-timing-function",
    "animation-delay",
    "animation-iteration-count",
    "animation-direction"
  ],
  [
    "content",
    "quotes",
    "counter-reset",
    "counter-increment",
    "resize",
    "cursor",
    "user-select",
    "nav-index",
    "nav-up",
    "nav-right",
    "nav-down",
    "nav-left",
    "tab-size",
    "hyphens",
    "pointer-events"
  ]
]

# 参考与致谢



文章作者:Power Lin
原文地址:https://wiki-power.com (opens new window)
版权声明:文章采用 CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 (opens new window) 协议,转载请注明出处。

Last Updated: 2020/11/26 下午3:19:01